When Listing Do You Use A Comma?

How do you use commas in a series?

One use of the comma is to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses in a list or series.

Commas go after each item except the last.

Note: In British usage, there is no comma before the conjunction (such as and or or) before the last item in the series..

How many commas do you need for 3 words?

Use commas to separate three or more items in a series. Lists of three or more words, phrases, and clauses require commas between each item. For example: a. The fox shouts, cackles, and yells.

Is the Oxford comma optional?

“The so-called ‘Oxford comma’ is an optional comma that follows the penultimate item in a list of three or more items and precedes the word ‘and’ … The general rule is that it should be used consistently or not at all …

How do you properly use punctuation marks?

Top ten punctuation tipsUse apostrophes correctly. … Know where to place quotation marks. … Know how to punctuate with parentheses. … Use a hyphen for compound adjectives. … Distinguish between the colon and the semicolon. … Avoid multiple punctuation at the end of a sentence.More items…

Do you put a comma before or after including?

Use a comma before “including” and “such as” when followed by a nonrestrictive, nonessential phrase or clause. The new policy applies to everyone, including faculty.

Where do you put commas?

Extended Rules for Using CommasUse commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. … Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.More items…

How do you punctuate for example?

Rule 2. Use a semicolon before such words and terms as namely, however, therefore, that is, i.e., for example, e.g., for instance, etc., when they introduce a complete sentence. It is also preferable to use a comma after these words and terms.

How many commas should be in a sentence?

Last but not least, use a comma to separate three or more items. You can use two commas for three items, or if you’re like me you obsess over the Oxford Comma. That’s the little comma that can be arguable both necessary and unnecessary, and is after the last item listed in the series.

How many commas in a sentence is too many?

It’s distracting. Long story short, my advice is that if you need more than-say-three or four commas, it’s probably best to break up the sentence. This rule makes it easier to read and easier to get your point across.

When listing things do you use a comma?

Rule 1. Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Example: My estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew. Note: When the last comma in a series comes before and or or (after daughter-in-law in the above example), it is known as the Oxford comma.

When would you use a semicolon?

Rules for Using SemicolonsA semicolon is most commonly used to link (in a single sentence) two independent clauses that are closely related in thought. … Use a semicolon between two independent clauses that are connected by conjunctive adverbs or transitional phrases.More items…

How do you put in the middle of a sentence?

“I met so many interesting people, including a writer, a photographer, and an aviator.” Words like “including” or “such as” are often used to introduce examples that further explain something mentioned in the sentence. They suggest that you are going to list just a few of the relevant items.

What are the basic punctuation rules a transcriber has to follow?

Use proper US English capitalization, punctuation and spelling. Do not write phonetics or netspeak such as “u” for “you’. Do Not Paraphrase. Do not correct the speaker’s grammar nor rearrange words.

What are the 8 rules for commas?

Commas (Eight Basic Uses) … USE A COMMA TO SEPARATE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE. … USE A COMMA BETWEEN ALL ITEMS IN A SERIES. … USE COMMAS TO SET OFF NONRESTRICTIVE CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA TO SET OFF APPOSITIVES. … USE A COMMA TO INDICATE DIRECT ADDRESS.More items…

Which is or that is?

Let Us Explain The clause that comes after the word “which” or “that” is the determining factor in deciding which one to use. If the clause is absolutely pertinent to the meaning of the sentence, you use “that.” If you could drop the clause and leave the meaning of the sentence intact, use “which.”

When to use an or a?

Here’s the secret to making the rule work: The rule applies to the sound of the letter beginning the word, not just the letter itself. The way we say the word will determine whether or not we use a or an. If the word begins with a vowel sound, you must use an. If it begins with a consonant sound, you must use a.

Does a comma mean a pause?

A comma cannot be used on its own to join two sentences. A comma only indicates a pause in a sentence; it can not join sentences without the addition of a co-ordinating conjunction. For example, these two sentences, whilst grammatically correct, would read better if joined.